By Hazarry bin Haji Ali Ahmad
The Astronomical Society of Brunei Darussalam

Global visibility of June 21, 2020 Solar Eclipse. Red line indicates area experiencing annular eclipse, while regions within the blue lines will only see partial eclipse of the sun.

Bandar Seri Begawan – A perfect alignment of the 3 celestial bodies, Earth-Moon-Sun, will occur on Sunday June 21, 2020, resulting in a spectacular annular solar eclipse which can only be view from specific areas on Earth.

The annular phase of this solar eclipse will be visible from parts of Africa including the Central African Republic, Congo, and Ethiopia; Asia in Yemen, Oman, south of Pakistan and northern India, China including Taiwan. You must be located within the narrow path of annularity represented on the map above by a red line (about 11,400 km long and 21 km width), where people in these areas will see the characteristic “ring of fire”.

Stages of the sun eclipse. Moon’s motion relative to the sun as seen from Brunei Darussalam during the June 21, 2020, partial solar eclipse. All time in local Brunei (UTC+8).

Use this Interactive World Map of the Annular Sun Eclipse of June 21, 2020 by NASA to find out start time of the eclipse for your location:

While for many areas around the globe will experiencing some part of the Sun is covered by the Moon in most Africa, Southeastern Europe, most of Asia including Brunei Darussalam and some tip of Northern Australia (see map above).

Partial Solar Eclipse from Brunei

The partial solar eclipse happens when the moon never completely covers the sun. In Brunei, the phenomenon will start at exactly 3:10 pm, will last for about two hours and 13 minutes. The maximum phase of the eclipse (greatest obscuration) will occur at 4:22:36 pm with the moon covering 28.2 per cent of the sun’s disc. The partial eclipse will end when the moon leaves the sun’s edge at 5:23 pm. Diagrams of the eclipse sequence or phases from Brunei in Local Time are as follow:

The next eclipses visible from Brunei Darussalam:
1. Total Lunar on Wednesday, 26 May 2021 and Partial Lunar on Friday, 19 November 2021
2. Partial Solar on Thursday, 20 April 2023

Partial Eclipse Visibility for Southeast Asia

The partial eclipse of the Sun will be widely visible to areas in the Southeast Asia regions from Burma to the Philippines, but will not be visible from West Java Indonesia. The map and table of timing for the eclipse show below:

Time in Universal (GMT)
Location (ASEAN)MagnitudeFirst contactMaximum eclipseFourth contactDuration partial
Bandar Seri Begawan (Brunei) 114° 56′  E, 4° 53′  N 0.399 Partial 15:10:14 45.5° 16:22:36 29.3° 17:23:47 15.3° 2:13:33
Phnom Penh (Cambodia)
104° 55′  E, 11° 33′  N
 0.479 Partial 13:30:32 65.9° 15:01:16 45.9° 16:16:02 28.8° 2:45:31
Jakarta (Indonesia)
106° 50′  E, 6° 10′  S
 Not visible    
Palembang (Indonesia)
104° 45′  E, 2° 55′  S
 0.056 Partial 14:32:38 45.0° 15:06:19 38.2° 15:37:32 31.5° 1:04:53
Vientiane (Laos)
102° 36′  E, 17° 58′  N
 0.650 Partial 13:10:09 75.2° 14:51:11 52.4° 16:14:48 33.2° 3:04:39
Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
101° 42′  E, 3° 10′  N
 0.201 Partial 14:50:17 59.3° 15:57:08 45.9° 16:54:37 33.3° 2:04:20
 Manila (Philippines)
120° 57′  E, 14° 31′  N
 0.748 Partial 15:01:08 46.0° 16:22:58 27.2° 17:31:36 11.7° 2:30:28
Singapore (Singapore)
103° 51′  E, 1° 18′  N
 0.168 Partial 15:04:25 53.8° 16:03:26 41.8° 16:54:50 30.5° 1:50:25
Bangkok (Thailand)
100° 31′  E, 13° 45′  N
 0.505 Partial 13:10:56 74.5° 14:48:46 53.5° 16:09:52 35.0° 2:58:57
Dili (Timor-Leste)
125° 35′  E, 8° 33′  S
 0.152 Partial 16:53:58 20.1° 17:34:05 11.3° 18:10:50 3.1° 1:16:51
Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) 106° 40′  E, 10° 45′  N 0.474 Partial 13:37:33 62.5° 15:05:35 43.0° 16:18:12 26.4° 2:40:38
Times in local time. The calculations are based on the Five Millenium Canon of Solar Eclipses -1999 to +3000 with eclipse predictions by Fred Espenak (NASA’s GSFC). Besselian Elements provided by Jean Meuus

Viewing Eclipse of the Sun Safely

Watching a solar eclipse will be a breath taking experience especially because of it’s rarity and mystery. However, it comes with a warning! Our sun emits dangerous radiations. Never look directly at the Sun without proper solar filter even when if the Sun is almost completely blocked during the solar eclipse or by the clouds.

Don’t stare at the sun without protective glasses. Avoid using improper solar filters such CD, plastic bag, sunglasses, exposed x-ray film etc. to view the sun as harmful radiation can still pass through these objects.  You can purchase a solar eclipse glass. Solar UV radiation can burn the retinas at the back of your eyes, and cause permanent damage or even blindness. Another safe method of viewing the sun is to use a projection of the sun using small pin-hole camera or binocular or a small telescope.

Astronomy Eclipse Talk

Astronomy Talk: Solar Eclipse on June 19, 2020 via

Live streams

List of live streaming videos of the eclipse from around the world:

CountryEclipse coverageOrganiser(s)
Time Start of Live stream (UTC+8)Online Streaming Web Link
Along annular eclipse path (Africa, India and China)Annular solarCosmoSapiens10:00
WorldwideAnnular solarTime & Date11:00
UAE, Abu DhabiPartial solar (93%)International Astronomical Centre (IAC)11:00
Kenya, NairobiPartial solar (59%)The Travelling Telescope11:46
Tanzania, Mt Meru Astronomical Observatory, ArushaPartial solar (52%)Telescopes to Tanzania11:47
Ethopia, LalibelaAnnular solarEthiopian Space Science Society11:52
India, BengaluruAnnular solarIndian Institute Of Astrophysics IIA Bengaluru12:00
Ukraine, CrimeaPartial solar(Purchase to view) Dmitry Lantinov13:00
MY– East Asia UNIVerse Awareness Solar Eclipse (MY- EAUNIVASE)Annular & Partial solarApadilangit; Universe Awareness Malaysia13:30
MalaysiaPartial solarFalakOnline14:00
Malaysia, KelantanPartial solarPersatuan Astronomi Amatur Negeri Kelantan14:00
Malaysia, SabahPartial solarSabah Stargazers14:00
Malaysia, SelangorPartial solarBalai Cerap Selangor14:00
Malaysia, Kuala LumpurPartial solarStar-Finder Astronomical Society14:15
BruneiPartial solar (28%)The Astronomical Society of Brunei Darussalam14:30
MalaysiaPartial solarJabatan Ukur dan Pemetaan Malaysia14:30
TaiwanAnnular solarNational Museum of Natural Science14:30
Malaysia, Kuala LumpurPartial solarPlanetarium Negara14:30
South KoreaPartial solarKorean Astronomical and Space Science Institute 14:53
Malaysia, SabahPartial solarBalai Cerap Al-Biruni Negeri Sabah15:00
IndonesiaNo Streaming Due to CoVidHimpunan Astronomi Amatir Jakarta
Japan, Ishigaki Island, OkinawaPartial SolarThe National Astronomical Observatory of Japan15:55

Find out more on 21 June 2020 Annular Solar Eclipse resources and events compiled by the International Astronomical Union (IAU)

Solar Eclipse Activities

Make a pinhole camera from a cereal box
Observe the shadows of the leaves under a tree
Simple mini-Solar Eclipse Viewer
Solar Eclipse Viewing Box
Photographing Solar Eclipse

Let us know if you are organising either individual or in group for Jun 21 solar eclipse observation or activities in Brunei Darussalam & get featured in our first nationwide livestream solar eclipse coverage. Contact: +673874 4170 (Hj Jamri)  or e-mail

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