Kejutan pagi Aidilfitri

Oleh Kadir Dikoh
kadiro@bh.com.my

Berita Harian – Sambutan 1 Syawal sudah tidak ada ‘ummph’ atau kejutan lagi seperti dahulu kala, terutama ketika pengumuman tarikh hari raya, kata seorang teman. Katanya, ahli keluarga sudah tidak lagi ‘terpacak’ di hadapan televisyen menunggu Penyimpan Mohor Besar Raja-Raja mengumumkan tarikh Aidilfitri seperti lazimnya berlaku pada 1960-an, 1970-an dan 1980-an.

Gambar hiasan
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Prosedur Operasi Piawai (Sop) Dalam Penentuan Awal Syawal Di Negara Brunei Darussalam

Oleh Shahir Akram Hassan & Mohd Shukri Hanapi
Pusat Kajian Pengurusan Pembangunan Islam (ISDEV)
Universiti Sains Malaysia
11800 Pulau Pinang
Tel: 04-6532661 Faks: 04-6532124
E-mail: shahirakram@usm.my / shahir_isdev@yahoo.com

Kertas kerja ini merupakan sebahagian daripada hasil penyelidikan yang bertajuk Pengaplikasian Rukyah dan Hisab di Asia Tenggara [(RUI)1001/CISDEV/816269] dan telah dibiayai oleh Geran Research University Individual (RUI), Universiti Sains Malaysia (2015–2016).

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Ru’yah and Hisab: Marking the start of the month

2014 June Brunei Newsletter
2014 June Brunei Newsletter

Source: The Department of Information, Prime Minister’s Office,
 Brunei Darussalam Newsletter June 2014 (Download)

Predicting the first sighting of the new crescent has been attempted since the time of the ancient Babylonians. The ancient methods of moon sighting depended on the astronomical calculation of the Moon and the time difference between moonset and sunset.

The first sighting of the new crescent moon is used as the basis of various calendars to signal the start of the new month. For instance, Islam requires that the sighting of the new crescent moon should be made with the naked eye.

More modern techniques nowadays among others use the angular separation of the Sun and Moon, altitude difference between the Sun and Moon, as well as their relative azimuths and the width of the crescent. Continue reading “Ru’yah and Hisab: Marking the start of the month”