Partial Solar Eclipse on June 21, 2020

By Hazarry bin Haji Ali Ahmad
The Astronomical Society of Brunei Darussalam

Bandar Seri Begawan – A perfect alignment of the 3 celestial bodies, Earth-Moon-Sun, will occur on Sunday June 21, 2020, resulting in a spectacular annular solar eclipse which can only be view from specific areas on Earth.

Global visibility of June 21, 2020 Solar Eclipse. Red line indicates area experiencing annular eclipse, while regions within the blue lines will only see partial eclipse of the sun.

The annular phase of this solar eclipse will be visible from parts of Africa including the Central African Republic, Congo, and Ethiopia; Asia in Yemen, Oman, south of Pakistan and northern India, China including Taiwan. You must be located within the narrow path of annularity represented on the map above by a red line (about 11,400 km long and 21 km width), where people in these areas will see the characteristic “ring of fire”.

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Siaran Akhbar: 100 000 Orang dari 110 Negara Memilih Nama Exoplanet Sempena Ulang Tahun IAU yang ke-100

Selasa, 17 Disember 2019
Disediakan oleh Nur Bazilah binti Zainal Abidin
Persatuan Astronomi Negara Brunei Darussalam selaku IAU National Outreach Coordinator

Paris – Sebanyak 110 pasangan nama exoplanet dan bintang induknya diberikan nama melalui kempen IAU100 NameExoWorlds telah diumumkan di sidang media di Paris pada 17 Disember 2019. Bersempena ulang tahun Kesatuan Astronomi Antarabangsa (IAU) yang ke-100 pada tahun ini, kempen di peringkat nasional telah dianjurkan di 110 negara yang melibatkan penyertaan lebih dari 780,000 orang di seluruh dunia, untuk mencadangkan dan memilih nama-nama bagi setiap exoplanet dan bintang induk negara masing-masing.

Projek IAU100 NameExoWorlds telah melihat penyertaan yang meluas dan besar-besaran di seluruh dunia untuk memberikan masyarakat umum peluang untuk mencadangkan nama-nama sistem exoplanet yang bermakna, kreatif dan unik bagi negara masing-masing. Penganjuran ini adalah kali yang kedua dalam sejarah di mana sebuah kempen telah menghasilkan penamaan bintang dan exoplanet. Pada keseluruhannya, sebanyak 360,000 cadangan nama telah diterima dari 110 negara. Penganjur program di setiap negara telah menyenarai pendekkan nama-nama yang dicadangkan, dan seterusnya dibukakan bagi pemilihan melalui undian kepada orang ramai. Seramai 420,000 orang telah mengundi calon-calon nama yang diberikan. Projek ini akan memberikan kesan yang berkekalan di mana nama-nama yang dipilih sebagai pemenang akan digunakan selari dengan tatanama saintifik yang sedia ada dengan penghargaan kepada individu, kumpulan ataupun institusi yang telah mencadangkan nama tersebut.

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Press Release: 100 000s of People from 110+ Countries Select Names for Exoplanet Systems In Celebration of IAU’s 100th Anniversary

By the Astronomical Society of Brunei Darussalam

Paris – More than 110 sets of names of exoplanets and host stars named in the IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaigns were announced at a press conference in Paris (France) on 17 December 2019. Within the framework of the International Astronomical Union’s 100th anniversary commemorations (IAU100) in 2019, more than 110 countries organised national campaigns that stimulated the direct participation of over 780 000 people worldwide, who proposed and selected names for each exoplanet and its host star. 

The IAU100 NameExoWorlds project saw massive and widespread participation around the world, as the public eagerly engaged in this exciting opportunity to suggest meaningful, creative and unique names for exoplanet systems for their respective countries. This is only the second time in history that a campaign has led to the naming of stars and exoplanets. Overall, 360 000 proposals for names were received from 110+ countries. The National Committee in each country reduced their proposals to a shortlist of national candidates, which were presented to the public for their votes. A total of 420 000 people voted for their preferred candidates. This project will have a lasting impact, as the winning names will be used in parallel with the existing scientific nomenclature, credited to the person, group or institution that suggested them.

“Astronomical observations over the past generation have now discovered over 4000 planets orbiting other stars β€” called exoplanets. The number of discoveries continues to double about every 2Β½ years, revealing remarkable new planet populations and putting our own Earth and Solar System in perspective. Statistically, most of the stars in the sky are likely to be orbited by their own planets β€” they are everywhere,” said Eric Mamajek, co-chair of the NameExoWorlds Steering Committee. β€œWhile astronomers catalogue their new discoveries using telephone-number-like designations, there has been growing interest amongst astronomers and the public alike in also assigning proper names, as is done for Solar System bodies,” Mamajek continued. 

Official NameExoWorlds result for Brunei Darussalam
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Siaran Akhbar: Undian Awam dibuka bagi Name Exoworlds Brunei Darussalam mulai 13 Oktober hingga 13 November 2019

Bandar Seri Begawan – Perlaksanaan program menamakan Bintang dan Exoplanet (Name Exoworlds) Brunei Darussalam anjuran Persatuan Astronomi Negara Brunei Darussalam selaku International Astronomical Union (IAU) National Outreach Coordinator yang sedang dijalankan telah mencapai ke peringkat kemuncaknya.

Yang Mulia Haji Abdul Aziz bin Haji Akop, Naib Yang Di-Pertua Persatuan Astronomi Negara Brunei Darussalam

Sejak pelancarannya pada Ogos 2019, inisiatif berkenaan telah berjaya menerima sebanyak 242 cadangan nama bagi Bintang Induk HD 179949 bersama Exoplanet HD 179949b. Keseluruhan cadangan nama adalah daripada 211 orang peserta yang terdiri daripada individu perseorangan, wakil-wakil pelajar daripada institusi-institusi pendidikan, wakil organisasi kerajaan serta agensi bukan kerajaan di negara ini.

“Penyertaan yang amat menggalakkan ini telah mencerminkan wujudnya usaha dan kesedaran yang ketara dari kalangan masyarakat dan pelbagai pihak dalam mengembangkan dan memajukan bidang astronomi di negara Brunei Darussalam.” kata YM Hj Abdul Aziz bin Hj Akob, Naib Yang Di-Pertua Persatuan Astronomi Negara Brunei Darussalam, semasa ucapan pelancaran Sempena Pembukaan Undian Awam bagi Name Exoworlds Brunei Darussalam pada 13 Safar 1440 bersamaan 12 Oktober 2019.

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Brunei berpeluang menamakan planet, bintang

BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Isnin, 5 Ogos. – Kesatuan Astronomi Antarabangsa (International Astronomical Union – IAU) menganugerahkan Negara Brunei Darussalam sebuah planet dan sebutir bintang induknya pada 2 Ogos 2019 untuk diberikan nama yang sesuai oleh rakyat negara ini.

Pihak IAU memperuntukkan sebuah planet dan bintangnya kepada setiap negara di dunia untuk dinamakan.

Brunei Darussalam turut diberikan sebutir bintang HD 179949 dan sebuah planet gergasi bergas (exoplanet HD 179949b) yang terletak dalam buruj Sagittarius untuk dinamakan.

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Press Release: Brunei gets to name a planet and a star

Above: An exoplanet HD 179949b is a gas giant planet, a planetary system discovered in 2000 is assigned by the International Astronomical Union to be given a proper name by Brunei Darussalam (Source: International Astronomical Union)

Bandar Seri Begawan – People of Brunei will have the opportunity to name a selected exoplanet and its host star to commemorate the 100th-anniversary celebration of the International Astronomical Union (IAU).

Currently there are a total of more than 4,000 confirmed planets that orbit stars outside the solar system known as exoplanets. Most of these exoplanets have no proper names. 

NameExoWorlds offers the opportunity for all countries in the world including Brunei Darussalam to give a name to one exoplanet and its hosting star.

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See lunar eclipse in Brunei skies at Dawn on July 17, 2019

by Hazarry bin Haji Ali Ahmad
The Astronomical Society of Brunei Darussalam

  • A partial lunar eclipse will occur just before dawn on Wednesday, July 17, in Brunei Darussalam. The next total lunar eclipse is on 26 May 2021
  • For Brunei, 65 per cent of the Moon is in the Earth’s shadow or Umbra when it is close to setting in the western sky
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Kenyataan Akhbar: Penafian Mengenai Satu Imej Viral β€œKenampakan Anak Bulan Syawal 1440” yang Disebarkan dalam Media Sosial

21 Ramadan 1440H /27 Mei 2019  Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam

Berhubung dengan kenyataan yang disebarkan melalui media sosial mengenai dengan satu imej viral bertajuk β€œANAK BULAN SYAWAL 1440 ” dengan memaparkan logo rasmi Persatuan Astronomi Negara Brunei Darussalam (PABD), maka dengan ini Persatuan Astronomi Negara Brunei Darussalam ingin memaklumkan bahawa persatuan ini  TIDAK PERNAH MENGELUARKAN KENYATAAN TERSEBUT DAN  TIDAK BENAR.

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Annular Solar Eclipse-Chasing Expedition from 23rd until 28th December 2019

Bandar Seri Begawan – On Dec 26, 2019, an annular solar eclipse will occur from few cities in Borneo, on the narrow track of the Moon shadow. Yes you have you be along the eclipse path to witness this special kind of eclipse of the sun – and we will bring you there! The celestial alignment happens when the moon passes in front of the sun, but the orbit of the moon is a little further away from the Earth and the moon does not completely cover the sun.

It will be a very spectacular sight, when a β€œring of fire” or annulus surrounds the sun at central eclipse. Watch a “string of beads” (Baily’s Beads Effect) on the edges of the sun during the beginning of annularity eclipse. As the horizon darkens to deeper blue than normal, observe the animals reacting to the dramatic changes in the sky. Look for the brightest planet, Venus, shining east of the sun at mid-eclipse. Jupiter, Saturn and Mercury are up there too, but they are fainter and so will be harder to see. This is a rare celestial event as the next annular eclipse will take place in Borneo in 2031.

The visible surface of the sun in a fiery ring around the moon can still blind you. So be sure to watch indirectly, or with special filters. Do not look at the sun directly without eye protection at any time during this eclipse. PABD will provide each member with an eclipse glass (included in your package) for this expedition.

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2019 Dec 26 Annular Solar Eclipse: ‘Ring of Fire’ in Borneo, Brunei will see partial eclipse

By Hazarry bin Haji Ali Ahmad
The Astronomical Society of Brunei Darussalam

Bandar Seri Begawan – A perfect  alignment of the Earth-Moon-Sun bodies will occur on December 26, 2019, resulting in a spectacular annular solar eclipse visible in few cities of Saudi Arabia, India, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Borneo and the Pacific Ocean .

Partial Eclipse from Brunei Darussalam

As seen from a location on Earth, a solar eclipse happens when the moon moves in front of the Sun thus block the Solar disk. It is a miss, as people in Brunei will only see a partial eclipse with 85.8% obscuration of the Sun by the Moon. A simulation of the partial Solar Eclipse as seen from Brunei during mid-day is shown in the video below.

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